Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

A Computational study of NaVOPO4 polymorphs as cathode materials for Na-Ion batteries: Diffusion, electronic properties and cation doping behavior

Aparicio Sanchez, Pablo, Dawson, James A., Islam, M. Saiful and de Leeuw, Nora H. 2018. A Computational study of NaVOPO4 polymorphs as cathode materials for Na-Ion batteries: Diffusion, electronic properties and cation doping behavior. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122 (45) , pp. 25829-25836. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b07797

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Rechargeable sodium-ion batteries have gained interest as potential alternatives to lithium-ion batteries, owing to their low cost and the wide abundance of sodium. Phosphate compounds are promising materials for sodium-ion batteries because of their high structural stability. Vanadium phosphates have shown high energy densities as cathode materials, but their Na-ion transport and cation doping properties are not as yet fully understood. Here, we have combined density functional theory calculations and molecular dynamics techniques to study the diffusion, electronic properties and cation doping of the α-, β- and αI-NaVOPO4 polymorphs. The calculated Na-ion activation energies of these compounds (0.3–0.5 eV) are typical for Na-based cathode materials and the simulations predict Na-ion diffusion coefficients of 10-11–10-12 cm2 s-1. The cell voltage trends show an operating range of 3.1–3.3 V vs. Na/Na+, with the partial substitution of vanadium by other metals (Al3+, Co2+, Fe3+, Mn4+, Ni2+ or Ti4+) increasing the cell voltage by up to 0.2–1.0 V vs. Na/Na+. Our study provides new quantitative insights into the electrochemical behavior of a potentially important class of phosphate cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1932-7447
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 October 2018
Date of Acceptance: 2 October 2018
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 14:45
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/115526

Citation Data

Cited 2 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics