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Cellular Mechanisms of the Slow (<1 Hz) Oscillation in Thalamocortical Neurons In Vitro.

Hughes, Stuart Wynn, Cope, David W., Blethyn, Kate L. and Crunelli, Vincenzo 2002. Cellular Mechanisms of the Slow (<1 Hz) Oscillation in Thalamocortical Neurons In Vitro. Neuron , pp. 947-958. 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)00623-2

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Abstract

The slow (<1 Hz) rhythm is a defining feature of the electroencephalogram during sleep. Since cortical circuits can generate this rhythm in isolation, it is assumed that the accompanying slow oscillation in thalamocortical (TC) neurons is largely a passive reflection of neocortical activity. Here we show, however, that by activating the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR), mGluR1a, cortical inputs can recruit intricate cellular mechanisms that enable the generation of an intrinsic slow oscillation in TC neurons in vitro with identical properties to those observed in vivo. These mechanisms rely on the “window” component of the T-type Ca2+ current and a Ca2+-activated, nonselective cation current. These results suggest an active role for the thalamus in shaping the slow (<1 Hz) sleep rhythm.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
ISSN: 0896-6273
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 02:45
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1146

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