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Additional value of EUS in oesophageal cancer patients staged N0 on PET/CT: validation of a prognostic model

Foley, Kieran G., Fielding, Patrick, Lewis, Wyn G. and Roberts, S. A. 2018. Additional value of EUS in oesophageal cancer patients staged N0 on PET/CT: validation of a prognostic model. Surgical Endoscopy 32 (12) , pp. 4973-4979. 10.1007/s00464-018-6259-0

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Abstract

Background Lymph node metastases are a major prognostic indicator in oesophageal cancer. Radiological staging largely influences treatment decisions and is becoming more reliant on PET and CT. However, the sensitivity of these modalities is suboptimal and is known to under-stage disease. The primary aim of this study was to validate a published prognostic model in oesophageal cancer patients staged N0 with PET/CT, which showed that EUS nodal status was an independent predictor of survival. The secondary aim was to assess the prognostic significance of pathological lymph node metastases in this cohort. Methods An independent validation cohort included 139 consecutive patients from a regional upper gastrointestinal cancer network staged N0 with PET/CT between 1st January 2013 and 31st June 2015. Replicating the original study, two Cox regression models were produced: one included EUS T-stage and EUS N-stage, and one included EUS T-stage and EUS N0 versus N+. The primary outcome of the prognostic model was overall survival (OS). Kaplan–Meier analysis assessed differences in OS between pathological node-negative (pN0) and node-positive (pN+) groups. A p value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The mean OS of the validation cohort was 29.8 months (95% CI 27.1–35.2). EUS T-stage was significantly and independently associated with OS in both models (p = 0.011 and p = 0.012, respectively). EUS N-stage and EUS N0 versus N+ were not significantly associated with OS (p = 0.553 and p = 0.359, respectively). There was a significant difference in OS between pN0 and pN+ groups (χ2 13.315, df 1, p < 0.001). Conclusion Lymph node metastases have a significant detrimental effect on OS. This validation study did not replicate the results of the developed prognostic model but the continued benefit of EUS in patients staged N0 with PET/CT was demonstrated. EUS remains a valuable component of a multi-modality approach to oesophageal cancer staging.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0930-2794
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 11 May 2018
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 04:34
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113483

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