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Saccade latency bias toward temporal hemifield: Evidence for role of retinotectal tract in mediating reflexive saccades

Koller, Kristin and Rafal, Robert D. 2019. Saccade latency bias toward temporal hemifield: Evidence for role of retinotectal tract in mediating reflexive saccades. Neuropsychologia 128 , pp. 276-281. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.01.028

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Abstract

The superior colliculus (SC) plays a critical role in mediating reflexive eye movements. Under optimal conditions, for example including a temporal ‘gap’ of 200 ms after fixation offset and prior to target onset, it is possible to isolate a population of ‘express saccades' with very short latencies between 80 and 120 ms. Ablation of the SC abolishes express saccades in monkeys. However, it remains to be established whether express saccade generation is dependent upon visual afferents transmitting direct retinal projections to SC via the retinotectal tract (RTT). In nineteen healthy human participants, we used a gap paradigm to investigate whether express saccades demonstrate shorter latencies to targets in the temporal hemifield, a marker for RTT function. A population of predominantly reflexive saccades (with latencies between 70 and 150 ms) was isolated in which latencies toward temporal hemifield targets were shown to be shorter than toward nasal hemifield targets. The advantages for reflexive saccades toward temporal hemifield targets suggest that visual efferents from the retina to the superior colliculus contribute to generating reflexively triggered saccades.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0028-3932
Date of Acceptance: 18 January 2018
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 14:06
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113476

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