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Explaining European fungal fruiting phenology with climate variability

Andrew, Carrie, Heegaard, Einar, Høiland, Klaus, Senn-Irlet, Beatrice, Kuyper, Thomas W., Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard, Kirk, Paul M., Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob, Gange, Alan C., Egli, Simon, Bässler, Claus, Büntgen, Ulf, Boddy, Lynne and Kauserud, Håvard 2018. Explaining European fungal fruiting phenology with climate variability. Ecology 99 (6) , pp. 1306-1315. 10.1002/ecy.2237

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Abstract

Here we assess the impact of geographically dependent (latitude, longitude, and altitude) changes in bioclimatic (temperature, precipitation, and primary productivity) variability on fungal fruiting phenology across Europe. Two main nutritional guilds of fungi, saprotrophic and ectomycorrhizal, were further separated into spring and autumn fruiters. We used a path analysis to investigate how biogeographic patterns in fungal fruiting phenology coincided with seasonal changes in climate and primary production. Across central to northern Europe, mean fruiting varied by approximately 25 d, primarily with latitude. Altitude affected fruiting by up to 30 d, with spring delays and autumnal accelerations. Fruiting was as much explained by the effects of bioclimatic variability as by their large‐scale spatial patterns. Temperature drove fruiting of autumnal ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic groups as well as spring saprotrophic groups, while primary production and precipitation were major drivers for spring‐fruiting ectomycorrhizal fungi. Species‐specific phenology predictors were not stable, instead deviating from the overall mean. There is significant likelihood that further climatic change, especially in temperature, will impact fungal phenology patterns at large spatial scales. The ecological implications are diverse, potentially affecting food webs (asynchrony), nutrient cycling and the timing of nutrient availability in ecosystems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Ecological Society of America
ISSN: 0012-9658
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 June 2018
Date of Acceptance: 21 February 2018
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2020 23:23
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/111918

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