Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Interleukin-6 represses the transcription of the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α in hepatoma cells by inhibiting its ability to autoactivate the proximal promoter region

Foka, Pelagia, Irvine, Scott A., Kockar, Feray Tura and Ramji, Dipak Purshottam 2003. Interleukin-6 represses the transcription of the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α in hepatoma cells by inhibiting its ability to autoactivate the proximal promoter region. Nucleic Acids Research , pp. 6722-6732. 10.1093/nar/gkg861

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The cytokine interleukin‐6 (IL‐6) plays key roles in the immune and inflammatory responses, acute‐phase reaction and hematopoiesis. Such biological actions of IL‐6 are characterised by both the activation and the inhibition of gene transcription. Unfortunately, in contrast to gene activation, the mechanism by which IL‐6 suppresses transcription remains largely unclear. We have, therefore, investigated this aspect using the Xenopus laevis CCAAT/enhancer binding protein‐α (C/EBPα) gene promoter as a model. We show by transient transfection assays of various promoter–luciferase DNA constructs into hepatoma cells that a C/EBP recognition sequence in the proximal promoter region is essential for the IL‐6‐mediated repression. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that C/EBPα was the major protein that bound to this site and, consistent with its expression pattern, the binding was reduced when the cells were exposed to IL‐6. Co‐transfection assays revealed for the first time that the ability of C/EBPα, but not C/EBPβ or Sp1, to transactivate the promoter was decreased dramatically when the cells were incubated with IL‐6. These studies, therefore, identify a novel mechanism for IL‐6‐mediated repression of gene transcription that involves a reduction in C/EBPα‐mediated activation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
ISSN: 0305-1048
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 08:48
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1119

Citation Data

Cited 17 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item