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Optimisation of perimetric stimuli for mapping changes in spatial summation in glaucoma.

Rountree, Lindsay 2018. Optimisation of perimetric stimuli for mapping changes in spatial summation in glaucoma. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Abstract

Despite being considered the current reference standard for perimetric testing in glaucoma, standard automated perimetry has several cardinal limitations, including an unacceptably high test-retest variability, which increases with increasing depth of defect, and a limited useable dynamic range, with test-retest variability spanning almost the entire instrument range in advanced glaucomatous damage. Prior studies have shown that spatial summation, the mechanism by which the visual system integrates light energy across the area of a stimulus, differs in disease, with an enlarged Ricco’s area (the limit of complete spatial summation) found in individuals with glaucoma. The aim of this work was to investigate whether a perimetric stimulus designed to exploit these changes in spatial summation would enable a greater signal/noise ratio (SNR) than that of the current standard stimulus, by directly measuring the displacement of the spatial summation function in glaucoma. Three stimulus forms were developed; one varying in area alone, one varying in both area and contrast simultaneously, and one varying in contrast alone, all operating within the local Ricco’s area. These novel stimuli were compared with the standard Goldmann III stimulus, in terms of disease signal, noise, and SNR. The experiments presented in this thesis indicate that a stimulus modulating in area alone may offer greater benefits for measuring glaucomatous changes in spatial summation in a clinical setting, in the form of a greater disease signal, more uniform response variability with depth of defect, and greater SNR, when compared with the standard Goldmann III stimulus. Additionally, there is some indication that this stimulus is more robust to the effects of intraocular straylight than the Goldmann III stimulus, although test-retest variability and robustness to optical defocus are largely similar. As this work represents the early investigations of this stimulus, further work is required to examine its translation into a clinical environment.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Submission
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perimetry, psychophysics, glaucoma, spatial summation
Funders: Postgraduate Research Scholarship, College of Optometrists
Last Modified: 16 May 2019 01:53
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/111180

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