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Surgical treatment and recurrence of cutaneous nasal malignancies

Christopoulos, George, Sergentanis, Theodoros N., Karantonis, Fotis, Karypidis, Dimitrios, Hampsas, Grigoris, Kostopoulos, Epaminondas, Kostaki, Maria and Papadopoulos, Othon 2016. Surgical treatment and recurrence of cutaneous nasal malignancies. Annals of Plastic Surgery 77 (2) , e2-e8. 10.1097/SAP.0000000000000329

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Abstract

Frequent localization of facial malignancies in the nasal area and their required complete surgical extirpation pose a significant challenge to the plastic surgeon, who is called to perform a suitable delicate reconstruction of produced nasal skin defects. The present study was aimed to examine the role of tumor characteristics in the prognosis of patients with nasal skin cancer undergoing surgical management. A retrospective review of 1795 patients operated on for nasal cutaneous neoplasms during a 26-year period is presented in our study. Descriptive statistics were appropriately calculated; multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed regarding the possible risk factors for recurrence. Only those with a complete follow-up were included in the study. The mean age of our study population was 66.7 years with a male majority (52.4%). Basal cell carcinoma appeared as the most common histological type (87.7%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (7.9%); the latter correlated with poor prognosis. The nasal sidewalls were the most frequent lesion location (29.8%), followed by the alae (27.8%), dorsum (21.7%), and tip (19.3%). The columella was very rarely affected (0.5%) but was associated with increased recurrence [hazard ratio, 4.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12–20.00; P = 0.034]. Most patients were treated with elliptical excision and direct closure (58.7%). Local flaps (31.0%) and skin grafting (9.0%) proved very reliable surgical options, especially for larger, high-risk lesions. Recurrence transpired in 46 patients (2.6%) and 4 skin cancer–related deaths occurred. Surgical modality of choice should be individualized and carefully adjusted to patients’ needs. Moreover, more elective techniques, such as Mohs micrographic surgery or cumulative therapeutic approaches, like irradiation, should be examined as a beneficial aid to confront high-risk malignancies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0148-7043
Date of Acceptance: 12 July 2014
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 13:37
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/111097

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