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Geographic information retrieval: progress and challenges in spatial search of text

Purves, Ross S., Clough, Paul, Jones, Christopher B., Hall, Mark H and Murdock, Vanessa 2018. Geographic information retrieval: progress and challenges in spatial search of text. Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval 12 (2-3) , pp. 164-318. 10.1561/1500000034

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Abstract

Significant amounts of information available today contain references to places on earth. Traditionally such information has been held as structured data and was the concern of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). However, increasing amounts of data in the form of unstructured text are available for indexing and retrieval that also contain spatial references. This monograph describes the field of Geographic Information Retrieval (GIR) that seeks to develop spatially-aware search systems and support user’s geographical information needs. Important concepts with respect to storing, querying and analysing geographical information in computers are introduced, before user needs and interaction in the context of GIR are explored. The task of associating documents with coordinates, prior to their indexing and ranking forms the core of any GIR system, and different approaches and their implications are discussed. Evaluating the resulting systems and their components, and different paradigms for doing so continue to be an important area of research in GIR and are illustrated through a number of examples. The article concludes by setting out a range of future challenges for research in this field.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > Z665 Library Science. Information Science
Publisher: Now Publishers
ISSN: 1554-0669
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 March 2018
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 21:19
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/110079

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