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Exploring the binding of barbital to a synthetic macrocyclic receptor. A charge density study

Du, Jonathan J., Hanrahan, Jane R., Solomon, V. Raja, Williams, Peter A., Groundwater, Paul W., Overgaard, Jacob, Platts, James A. and Hibbs, David E. 2018. Exploring the binding of barbital to a synthetic macrocyclic receptor. A charge density study. Journal of Physical Chemistry A 122 (11) , pp. 3031-3044. 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b11674

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Abstract

Experimental charge density distribution studies, complemented by quantum mechanical theoretical calculations, of a host–guest system composed of a macrocycle (1) and barbital (2) in a 1:1 ratio (3) have been carried out via high-resolution single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The data were modeled using the conventional multipole model of electron density according to the Hansen–Coppens formalism. The asymmetric unit of macrocycle 1 contained an intraannular ethanol molecule and an extraannular acetonitrile molecule, and the asymmetric unit of 3 also contained an intraannular ethanol molecule. Visual comparison of the conformations of the macrocyclic ring shows the rotation by 180° of an amide bond attributed to competitive hydrogen bonding. It was found that the intraannular and extraannular molecules inside were orientated to maximize the number of hydrogen bonds present, with the presence of barbital in 3 resulting in the greatest stabilization. Hydrogen bonds ranging in strength from 4 to 70 kJ mol–1 were the main stabilizing force. Further analysis of the electrostatic potential among 1, 2, and 3 showed significant charge redistribution when cocrystallization occurred, which was further confirmed by a comparison of atomic charges. The findings presented herein introduce the possibility of high-resolution X-ray crystallography playing a more prominent role in the drug design process.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1089-5639
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 March 2018
Date of Acceptance: 26 February 2018
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 10:05
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/110078

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