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COMT and GAD1 gene polymorphisms are associated with impaired antisaccade task performance in schizophrenic patients

Kirenskaya, Anna V., Storozheva, Zinaida I., Gruden, Marina A. and Sewell, Robert David Edmund 2018. COMT and GAD1 gene polymorphisms are associated with impaired antisaccade task performance in schizophrenic patients. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 268 (6) , pp. 571-584. 10.1007/s00406-018-0881-7

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Genetic influences modulating executive functions engaging prefrontal cortical brain systems were investigated in 141 male subjects. The effects of variations in two genes implicated in dopamine and GABA activities in the prefrontal cortex: rs4680 (Val158/Met polymorphism of the catechol-o-methyltransferase gene—COMT) and rs3749034 (C/T) substitution in the promoter region of the glutamic acid decarboxylase gene (GAD1) were studied on antisaccade (AS) performance in healthy subjects and schizophrenic patients. Genotyping revealed a trend towards a reduced proportion of COMT Val/Met heterozygotes and a significantly increased frequency of the GAD1 rs3749034 C allele in schizophrenic patients relative to controls. Patients had elevated error rates, increased AS latencies and increased latency variability (coefficient of variation) compared to controls. The influence of polymorphisms was observed only in patients but not in controls. A substantial effect of the COMT genotype was noted on the coefficient of variation in latency, and this measure was higher in Val homozygotes compared to Met allele carriers (p < 0.05) in the patient group. The outcome from rs3749034 was also disclosed on the error rate (higher in T carriers relative to C homozygotes, p < 0.01) and latency (increased in C homozygotes relative to T carriers, p < 0.01). Binary logistic regression showed that inclusion of the genotype factor (i.e., selective estimation of antisaccade measures in CC carriers) considerably increased the validity of the diagnostic model based on the AS measures. These findings may well be derived from specific genetic associations with prefrontal cortex functioning in schizophrenia.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0940-1334
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 4 February 2018
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2018 14:02

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