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A novel, fast and efficient single-sensor automatic sleep-stage classification based on complementary cross-frequency coupling estimates

Dimitriadis, Stavros, Salis, Christos and Linden, David 2018. A novel, fast and efficient single-sensor automatic sleep-stage classification based on complementary cross-frequency coupling estimates. Clinical Neurophysiology 129 (4) , pp. 815-828. 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.12.039

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Abstract

Objective Limitations of the manual scoring of polysomnograms, which include data from electroencephalogram (EEG), electro-oculogram (EOG), electrocardiogram (ECG) and electromyogram (EMG) channels, have long been recognized. Manual staging is resource intensive and time consuming, and considerable effort must be spent to ensure inter-rater reliability. There is thus great interest in techniques based on signal processing and machine learning for a completely Automatic Sleep Stage Classification (ASSC). Methods In this paper, we present a single-EEG-sensor ASSC technique based on the dynamic reconfiguration of different aspects of cross-frequency coupling (CFC) estimated between predefined frequency pairs over 5 s epoch lengths. The proposed analytic scheme is demonstrated using the PhysioNet Sleep European Data Format (EDF) Database with repeat recordings from 20 healthy young adults. Results We achieved very high classification sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 96.2 ± 2.2%, 94.2 ± 2.3%, and 94.4 ± 2.2% across 20 folds, respectively, and a high mean F1 score (92%, range 90–94%) when a multi-class Naive Bayes classifier was applied. Conclusions Our method outperformed the accuracy of previous studies not only on different datasets but also on the same database.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Medicine
Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1388-2457
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 21 December 2017
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 03:53
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/108726

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