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Evidence that inhibitory factor extracted from bovine retractor penis is nitrite, whose acid-activated derivative is stabilized nitric oxide

Martin, William, Warden-Smith, Jeremy, Lewis, Malcolm John and Henderson, Andrew H. 1988. Evidence that inhibitory factor extracted from bovine retractor penis is nitrite, whose acid-activated derivative is stabilized nitric oxide. British Journal of Pharmacology 93 (3) , pp. 579-586.

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Abstract

1. Unactivated extracts of bovine retractor penis (BRP) contains 3-7 microM nitrite. Acid-activation of these extracts at pH 2 for 10 min followed by neutralization generates the active form of inhibitory factor (IF; assayed by its vasodilator action on rabbit aorta), and is associated with partial loss of nitrite. 2. Increasing the time of acid-activation at pH 2 from 10 to 60 min with intermittent vortex mixing generates greater vasodilator activity and increases nitrite loss. 3. When acid-activated and neutralized extracts are incubated at 37 degrees C or 30 min or boiled for 5 min, vasodilator activity is lost and nitrite content increased. Reactivation of these samples at pH 2 for 10 min followed by neutralization leads to partial recoveries of vasodilator activity with loss in nitrite content. 4. Addition of sodium nitrite to BRP extracts increases acid-activatable vasodilator activity pro rata. 5. Acid-activation of aqueous sodium nitrite solutions results in less loss of nitrite and generation of less vasodilator activity than BRP extracts. Vasodilatation is only transient and is rapidly abolished on neutralization, whereas responses to acid-activated BRP extracts are more prolonged and activity is stable on ice. 6. Bovine aortic endothelial cells yield vasodilator activity that is indistinguishable from that isolated from BRP. It is activated by acid, stable on ice, abolished by boiling or by haemoglobin, and appears to be due to the generation of nitric oxide (NO) from nitrite. 7. The data provide confirmatory evidence that nitrite in BRP extracts is IF, that acid-activation of BRP extracts yields NO which is responsible for its vasodilator action, and that inactivation occurs by decay of NO to nitrite and nitrate. They further suggest that BRP extracts contain a NO-stabilizing agent which favours conversion of nitrite to NO. 8. The finding that bovine aortic endothelial cells yield an agent indistinguishable from IF suggests that nitrite in endothelial cells may likewise be the precursor of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), itself identified as NO.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Medicine
Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0007-1188
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:12
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/10871

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