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Measurement of Typhim Vi antibodies can be used to assess adaptive immunity in patients with immunodeficiency

Evans, Caroline, Bateman, Elizabeth, Steven, Rachael, Ponsford, Mark, Cullinane, Alice, Shenton, Claire, Duthie, Gillian, Conlon, Chris, Jolles, Stephen, Huissoon, Aarnoud P, Longhurst, Hilary J, Rahman, Tasneem, Scott, Chris, Wallis, Gregg, Harding, Stephen, Parker, Antony R and Ferry, Berne L 2018. Measurement of Typhim Vi antibodies can be used to assess adaptive immunity in patients with immunodeficiency. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 192 (3) , pp. 292-301. 10.1111/cei.13105

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Abstract

Vaccine specific antibody responses are essential in the diagnosis of antibody deficiencies. Responses to Pneumovax II are used to assess the response to polysaccharide antigens but interpretation may be complicated. Typhim Vi®, a polysaccharide vaccine for Salmonella typhoid fever, maybe an additional option for assessing humoral responses in patients suspected of having an immunodeficiency. Here we report a UK multicentre study describing the analytical and clinical performance of a Typhi Vi IgG ELISA calibrated to an affinity purified Typhi Vi IgG preparation. Intra- and inter-assay imprecision were low and the assay was linear between 7.4-574 U/mL (Slope=0.99-1.00; R2>0.99). 71% of blood donors had undetectable Typhi Vi IgG antibody concentrations. Of those with antibody concentrations >7.4U/mL, the concentration range was 7.7-167 U/mL. In antibody deficient patients receiving antibody replacement therapy the median Typhi Vi IgG antibody concentrations were <25 U/mL. In vaccinated normal healthy volunteers, the median concentration post vaccination was 107 U/mL (range 31-542U/mL). 8/8 (100%) had post vaccination concentration increases of at least 3-fold and 6/8 (75%) of at least 10-fold. In an antibody deficient population (n=23), only 30% had post vaccination concentration increases of at least 3-fold and 10% of at least 10-fold. The antibody responses to Pneumovax II and Typhim Vi® correlated. We conclude that IgG responses to Typhim Vi® vaccination can be measured using the VaccZyme Salmonella typhi Vi IgG ELISA, and that measurement of these antibodies maybe a useful additional test to accompany Pneumovax II responses for the assessment of antibody deficiencies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
ISSN: 0009-9104
Date of Acceptance: 23 October 2017
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2018 20:14
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/108673

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