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Common schizophrenia alleles are enriched in mutation-intolerant genes and in regions under strong background selection

Pardinas, Antonio, Holmans, Peter, Pocklington, Andrew, Escott-Price, Valentina, Ripke, S, Carrera, Noa, Legge, Sophie, Bishop, Sophie, Cameron, Darren, Hamshere, Marian L., Han, Jun, Hubbard, Leon, Lynham, Amy, Mantripragada, Kiran, Rees, Elliott, MacCabe, J, McCarroll, S, Baune, B, Breen, G, Byrne, E, Dannlowski, U, Eley, T, Hayward, C, Martin, N, McIntosh, M, Plomin, R, Porteous, D, Wray, N, Caballero, A, Geschwind, D, Huckins, L, Ruderfer, D, Santiago, E, Sklar, P, Stahl, E, Won, H, Agerbo, E, Als, T, Andreassen, O, Bækvad-Hansen, M, Mortensen, P, Pedersen, CB, Børglum, A, Bybjerg-Grauholm, J, Djurovic, S, Durmishi, N, Giørtz Pedersenu, M, Golimbet, V, Grove, J, Hougaard, M, Mattheisen, M, Molden, E, Mors, O, Nordentoft, M, Pejovic-Milovancevic, M, Sigurdsson, E, Silagadze, T, Søholm Hansen, C, Stefansson, K, Stefansson, H, Steinberg, S, Tosato, S, Werge, T, Consortium, GERAD, Collier, D, Rujescu, D, Kirov, George, Owen, Michael J and Walters, James 2018. Common schizophrenia alleles are enriched in mutation-intolerant genes and in regions under strong background selection. Nature Genetics 50 , pp. 381-389. 10.1038/s41588-018-0059-2

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Abstract

Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric condition often associated with poor quality of life and decreased life expectancy. Lack of progress in improving treatment outcomes has been attributed to limited knowledge of the underlying biology, although large-scale genomic studies have begun to provide insights. We report a new genome-wide association study of schizophrenia (11,260 cases and 24,542 controls), and through meta-analysis with existing data we identify 50 novel associated loci and 145 loci in total. Through integrating genomic fine-mapping with brain expression and chromosome conformation data, we identify candidate causal genes within 33 loci. We also show for the first time that the common variant association signal is highly enriched among genes that are under strong selective pressures. These findings provide new insights into the biology and genetic architecture of schizophrenia, highlight the importance of mutation-intolerant genes and suggest a mechanism by which common risk variants persist in the population.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Medicine
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Nature
ISSN: 1061-4036
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 7 January 2018
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2019 04:12
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/108670

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