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Development of a template to facilitate reflection among student pharmacists

Deslandes, Rhian, Lucas, Cherie, Hughes, Mary Louise and Mantzourani, Efthymia 2018. Development of a template to facilitate reflection among student pharmacists. Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy 14 (11) , pp. 1058-1063. 10.1016/j.sapharm.2017.11.010

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Abstract

Background Reflective practice activities utilizing appropriate tools enhance learning during and after experiential placements. Reflective tools described in the literature, used to support students on traditional placements of a duration of at least two weeks, sit at the unstructured end of a continuum (completely unstructured to just minimal structure). Additionally, non-traditional settings in role-emerging placements are of value as an alternative for experiential education. There were no reflective tools in the literature to provide a means of supporting pharmacy students as novice reflectors in non-traditional settings. Objectives To develop one fit-for-purpose tool that students could utilize across their experiences, regardless of type or duration of experiential placement. Methods A multi-phased approach was adopted, including a mix of methodologies: interviews, focus groups, informal feedback from stakeholders, and grading reflective accounts utilizing Mezirow's categories of reflection. A range of stakeholders were involved at each stage to ensure the reflective tool was fit-for-purpose. These included students, placement preceptors, and academic staff acting as graders of student reflective accounts. Results A total of 24 students participated in focus groups, 13 supervisors/preceptors engaged in interviews and informal feedback, and 853 student reflective accounts were graded, over 3 years. The final tool that has been developed and evaluated in this research supported students to develop to critical reflectors (6% - Phase 2 increased to 62.9% - Phase 3). Conclusions This novel and innovative approach supports novice reflectors, encourages reflection on action and enhances professional development. It is a structured yet flexible tool, for which there was a gap in the published literature. It can be utilized in varied placements in pharmacy curricula internationally.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1551-7411
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 December 2017
Date of Acceptance: 17 November 2017
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2019 21:24
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/107505

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