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Aminoglycosides increase intracellular calcium levels and ERK activity in proximal tubular OK cells expressing the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor

Ward, Donald T., McLarnon, Stuart J. and Riccardi, Daniela 2002. Aminoglycosides increase intracellular calcium levels and ERK activity in proximal tubular OK cells expressing the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , pp. 1481-1489. 10.1097/01.ASN.0000015623.73739.B8

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Abstract

Aminoglycoside antibiotics (AGAs) are nephrotoxic, with most of the damage confined to the proximal tubule, but the mechanism for cellular toxicity is not clear. It has been previously shown that the extracellular-calcium sensing receptor (CaR) is expressed in intact rat proximal tubule and can be stimulated by the AGA neomycin. To investigate whether CaR could contribute to AGA-induced nephrotoxicity, the acute responses to various AGAs in the proximal tubule-derived opossum kidney (OK) cell line were examined. The presence in OK cells of CaR-related transcripts and protein was demonstrated by northern analyses, reverse transcriptase–PCR, immunocytochemistry, and immunoblotting. OK cells responded to elevated extracellular calcium (Ca2+o) and neomycin but also to gentamicin and tobramycin with an increase in cytosolic [Ca2+]. Ca2+o, neomycin, and gentamicin also activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinases, ERK1 and ERK2. Neomycin-induced ERK activation was both dose- and time-dependent and was attenuated by inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2)–specific phospholipase C, and MEK1, but not of protein kinase C. Thus, proximal tubular OK cells express a CaR that mediates Ca2+i mobilization and PIP2-PLC-dependent ERK activation in response to AGAs and thus could play a role in AGA-induced nephrotoxicity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
ISSN: 1046-6673
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:37
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1053

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