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Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers

Saxena, Dhruv, Mokkapati, Sudha, Parkinson, Patrick, Jiang, Nian, Gao, Qiang, Tan, Hark Hoe and Jagadish, Chennupati 2013. Optically pumped room-temperature GaAs nanowire lasers. Nature Photonics 7 (12) , pp. 963-968. 10.1038/nphoton.2013.303

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Abstract

Near-infrared lasers are important for optical data communication, spectroscopy and medical diagnosis. Semiconductor nanowires offer the possibility of reducing the footprint of devices for three-dimensional device integration and hence are being extensively studied in the context of optoelectronic devices1, 2. Although visible and ultraviolet nanowire lasers have been demonstrated widely3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, progress towards room-temperature infrared nanowire lasers has been limited because of material quality issues and Auger recombination12, 13. (Al)GaAs is an important material system for infrared lasers that is extensively used for conventional lasers. GaAs has a very large surface recombination velocity, which is a serious issue for nanowire devices because of their large surface-to-volume ratio14, 15. Here, we demonstrate room-temperature lasing in core–shell–cap GaAs/AlGaAs/GaAs nanowires by properly designing the Fabry–Pérot cavity, optimizing the material quality and minimizing surface recombination. Our demonstration is a major step towards incorporating (Al)GaAs nanowire lasers into the design of nanoscale optoelectronic devices operating at near-infrared wavelengths.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanophotonics and plasmonics, Semiconductor lasers
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1749-4885
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 09:33
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/103454

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