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Deactivation studies of bimetallic AuPd nanoparticles supported on MgO during selective aerobic oxidation of alcohols

Guadix Montero, Susana, Alshammari, Hamed, Dalebout, Remco, Nowicka, Ewa, Morgan, David J., Shaw, Greg, He, Qian and Meenakshisundaram, Sankar 2017. Deactivation studies of bimetallic AuPd nanoparticles supported on MgO during selective aerobic oxidation of alcohols. Applied Catalysis A: General 546 , pp. 58-66. 10.1016/j.apcata.2017.07.045

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Abstract

Here we report the synthesis and characterisation of high surface area MgO prepared via the thermal decomposition of various magnesium precursors (MgCO3, Mg(OH)2 and MgC2O4). Bimetallic gold-palladium nanoalloy particles were supported on these MgO materials and were tested as catalysts for the solvent-free selective aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde. All these catalysts were found to be active and very selective (>97%) to the desired product (benzaldehyde). However, MgO prepared via the thermal decomposition of magnesium oxalate displayed the highest activity among all the magnesium oxide supports tested. Attempts were made to unravel the reasons for the deactivation of these catalysts using different characterisation techniques namely in situ XRD, XPS, ICP-MS, TEM, and TGA-MS. From the data obtained, it is clear that MgO undergoes phase changes from MgO to Mg(OH)2 and MgCO3 during catalyst preparation as well as during the catalytic reaction. Besides phase changes, strong adsorption of reactants and products on the catalyst surface, during the reaction, were also observed and washing the catalyst with organic solvents did not completely remove them. The phase change and catalyst poisoning were reversed through high temperature heat treatments. However, these processes led to the sintering of the metal nanoparticles. Moreover, substantial leaching of the support material (MgO) was also observed during the reaction. These latter two processes led to the irreversible deactivation of AuPd nanoparticles supported on MgO catalyst during the solvent-free selective aerobic oxidation of alcohols. Among the three different MgO supports studied in this article, an inverse correlation between the catalytic activity and Mg leaching has been observed. This article reports a deeper understanding of the mode of deactivation observed in metal nanoparticles supported on MgO during liquid phase reactions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0926-860X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 August 2017
Date of Acceptance: 27 July 2017
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2019 21:34
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/103452

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