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A temporal analysis of products study of the mechanism of VOC catalytic oxidation using uranium oxide catalysts

Heneghan, Catherine S., Hutchings, Graham John, O'Leary, Shane R., Taylor, Stuart Hamilton, Boyd, Vicki J. and Hudson, Ian D. 1999. A temporal analysis of products study of the mechanism of VOC catalytic oxidation using uranium oxide catalysts. Catalysis Today 54 (1) , pp. 3-12. 10.1016/S0920-5861(99)00162-5

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Abstract

A temporal analysis of products (TAP) reactor is used to investigate the mechanism of oxidation of volatile organic compounds by uranium oxide catalysts. Continuous flow studies indicated that butane, benzene and chlorobutane VOCs were oxidised to carbon oxides and no partially oxidised products were observed. A combination of TAP pulse experiments with oxygen present and absent in the gas phase has indicated that the lattice oxygen from the catalyst is responsible for the total oxidation activity. This has been confirmed by studies using isotopically labelled oxygen. It is proposed that the catalysts operates by a redox mechanism utilising lattice oxygen and the high activity shown by U3O8 is due to the facile uranium redox couple and the non-stoichiometric nature of the oxide.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalytic oxidation; TAP reactor; Uranium oxides; VOC
Additional Information: cited By (since 1996) 26
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0920-5861
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:10
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/10309

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