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A deep-sea agglutinated foraminifer tube constructed with planktonic foraminifer shells of a single species

Pearson, Paul N. and IODP Expedition 363 Scientific Party, 2018. A deep-sea agglutinated foraminifer tube constructed with planktonic foraminifer shells of a single species. Journal of Micropalaeontology 37 , pp. 97-104. 10.5194/jm-37-97-2018

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Abstract

Agglutinated foraminifera are marine protists that show apparently complex behaviour in constructing their shells, involving selecting suitable sedimentary grains from their environment, manipulating them in three dimensions, and cementing them precisely into position. Here we illustrate a striking and previously undescribed example of complex organisation in fragments of a tube-like foraminifer (questionably assigned to Rhabdammina) from 1466 m water depth on the northwest Australian margin. The tube is constructed from well-cemented siliciclastic grains which form a matrix into which hundreds of planktonic foraminifer shells are regularly spaced in apparently helical bands. These shells are of a single species, Turborotalita clarkei, which has been selected to the exclusion of all other bioclasts. The majority of shells are set horizontally in the matrix with the umbilical side upward. This mode of construction, as is the case with other agglutinated tests, seems to require either an extraordinarily selective trial-and-error process at the site of cementation or an active sensory and decision-making system within the cell.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: British Micropalaeontological Society
ISSN: 0262-821X
Funders: Natural Environment Research Council
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 July 2017
Date of Acceptance: 20 April 2017
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 14:04
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/102718

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