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High temperature COS hydrolysis catalysed by γ-Al2O 3

Huang, H., Young, N., Williams, B. P., Taylor, Stuart Hamilton and Hutchings, Graham John 2006. High temperature COS hydrolysis catalysed by γ-Al2O 3. Catalysis Letters 110 (3-4) , pp. 243-246. 10.1007/s10562-006-0115-x

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Abstract

The COS hydrolysis reaction (COS + H2O = CO2 + H 2S) using γ-Al2O 3at 220 °C is described and discussed. The stoichiometric reaction of COS in the absence of water proceeds and the extent of reaction is comparable to the moisture content of the alumina that can be removed during TGA. The reaction of COS and H 2O is long lived at this temperature but the sulphur balance based on H2S is ca. 80. It is found that elemental sulphur is deposited in the reactor and on the catalyst during this reaction. Reaction in the presence of H2 increases the sulphur balance to 100 and no sulphur is deposited on the catalyst. The beneficial effect of hydrogen is demonstrated by mixing sulphur with γ-Al2O 3 which on reaction with H2 leads to the formation of COS and H2S. The addition of formic acid to the reactants leads to a reversible loss of activity, but detailed long term studies show that formic acid is not formed during the operation of the catalyst over a wide range of conditions. © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alumina; Catalysis; Catalysts; Gamma rays; High temperature effects; Hydrolysis; Moisture; Stoichiometry; Sulfur, γ-alumina; COS hydrolysis; Formic acid; Sulphur balance, Cobalt compounds
Additional Information: cited By (since 1996) 2
Publisher: Elsevier BV
ISSN: 1011372X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:10
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/10266

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