Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Adding celecoxib with or without Zoledronic acid for hormone-naive prostate cancer: Long-term survival results from an adaptive, multiarm, multistage, platform, randomized controlled trial

Mason, Malcolm D., Clarke, Noel W., James, Nicholas D., Dearnaley, David P., Spears, Melissa R., Ritchie, Alastair W. S., Attard, Gerhardt, Cross, William, Jones, Rob J., Parker, Christopher C., Russell, J. Martin, Thalmann, George N., Schiavone, Francesca, Cassoly, Estelle, Matheson, David, Millman, Robin, Rentsch, Cyrill A., Barber, Jim, Gilson, Clare, Ibrahim, Azman, Logue, John, Lydon, Anna, Nikapota, Ashok D., O'Sullivan, Joe M., Porfiri, Emilio, Protheroe, Andrew, Srihari, Narayanan Nair, Tsang, David, Wagstaff, John, Wallace, Jan, Walmsley, Catherine, Parmar, Mahesh K. B. and Sydes, Matthew R. 2017. Adding celecoxib with or without Zoledronic acid for hormone-naive prostate cancer: Long-term survival results from an adaptive, multiarm, multistage, platform, randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 35 (14) , pp. 1530-1541. 10.1200/JCO.2016.69.0677

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (323kB) | Preview

Abstract

Purpose Systemic Therapy for Advanced or Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Evaluation of Drug Efficacy is a randomized controlled trial using a multiarm, multistage, platform design. It recruits men with high-risk, locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who were initiating long-term hormone therapy. We report survival data for two celecoxib (Cel)-containing comparisons, which stopped accrual early at interim analysis on the basis of failure-free survival. Patients and Methods Standard of care (SOC) was hormone therapy continuously (metastatic) or for ≥ 2 years (nonmetastatic); prostate (± pelvic node) radiotherapy was encouraged for men without metastases. Cel 400 mg was administered twice a day for 1 year. Zoledronic acid (ZA) 4 mg was administered for six 3-weekly cycles, then 4-weekly for 2 years. Stratified random assignment allocated patients 2:1:1 to SOC (control), SOC + Cel, or SOC + ZA + Cel. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality. Results were analyzed with Cox proportional hazards and flexible parametric models adjusted for stratification factors. Results A total of 1,245 men were randomly assigned (Oct 2005 to April 2011). Groups were balanced: median age, 65 years; 61% metastatic, 14% N+/X M0, 25% N0M0; 94% newly diagnosed; median prostate-specific antigen, 66 ng/mL. Median follow-up was 69 months. Grade 3 to 5 adverse events were seen in 36% SOC-only, 33% SOC + Cel, and 32% SOC + ZA + Cel patients. There were 303 control arm deaths (83% prostate cancer), and median survival was 66 months. Compared with SOC, the adjusted hazard ratio was 0.98 (95% CI, 0.80 to 1.20; P = .847; median survival, 70 months) for SOC + Cel and 0.86 (95% CI, 0.70 to 1.05; P =.130; median survival, 76 months) for SOC + ZA + Cel. Preplanned subgroup analyses in men with metastatic disease showed a hazard ratio of 0.78 (95% CI, 0.62 to 0.98; P = .033) for SOC + ZA + Cel. Conclusion These data show no overall evidence of improved survival with Cel. Preplanned subgroup analyses provide hypotheses for future studies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: American Society of Clinical Oncology
ISSN: 0732-183X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 October 2017
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2019 12:48
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/102657

Citation Data

Cited 17 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics