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Biological effects of thyrotropin receptor activation on human orbital dreadipocytes

Zhang, Lei, Baker, Glynn, Janus, Dominika, Paddon, Carol A., Fuhrer, Dagmar and Ludgate, Marian 2006. Biological effects of thyrotropin receptor activation on human orbital dreadipocytes. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 47 (12) , pp. 5197-5203. 10.1167/iovs.06-0596

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purpose. Thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) expression is upregulated in the orbits of patients with Graves ophthalmopathy (GO), most of whom have TSHR-stimulating antibodies. The authors investigated the biological effects of TSHR activation in vitro in adipose tissue, the site of orbital TSHR expression. methods. Activating mutant TSHR (TSHR*) or wild-type (WT) was introduced into human orbital preadipocytes using retroviral vectors. Their proliferation (Coulter counting), basal cAMP accumulation (radioimmunoassay), and spontaneous and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARγ)-induced adipogenesis (quantitative oil red O staining) were assessed and compared with those of nonmodified cells. QRT-PCR was used to measure transcripts of CCAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)β, PPARγ, and lipoprotein lipase (LPL; early, intermediate, and late markers of adipogenesis) and for uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 (brown adipose tissue [BAT]). results. Expression of TSHR* significantly inhibited the proliferation of preadipocytes and produced an increase in unstimulated cAMP of 200% to 600%. Basal lipid levels were significantly increased in TSHR* (127%–275%) compared with nonmodified (100%) or WT-expressing (104%–187%) cells. This was accompanied by 2- to 10-fold increases in early-intermediate markers and UCP-1 transcripts (2- to 8-fold); LPL was at the limit of detection. In nonmodified cells, adipogenesis produced significant increases in transcripts of all markers, including LPL (approximately 30-fold). This was not the case in TSHR*-expressing cells, which also displayed 67% to 84% reductions in lipid levels. conclusions. TSHR activation stimulates early differentiation (favoring BAT formation?) but renders preadipocytes refractory to PPARγ-induced adipogenesis. In neither case did lipid-containing vacuoles accumulate, suggesting that terminal stages of differentiation were inhibited.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN: 1552-5783
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 June 2017
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2017 13:17

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