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How do urinary calculi influence health-related quality of life and patient treatment preference: a systematic review

Raja, Aditya, Hekmati, Zara and Joshi, H.B. 2016. How do urinary calculi influence health-related quality of life and patient treatment preference: a systematic review. Journal of Endourology 30 (7) , pp. 727-743. 10.1089/end.2016.0110

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Introduction: Urinary stone disease is a common and often recurrent condition that can affect kidney function and requires a range of medical and surgical treatments, all of which can have a significant impact on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment preferences. Objective: To review the literature systematically for all studies that include HRQoL measurement or patient preferences in the context of urinary stone disease. Methods: Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process, EMBASE, SCOPUS, EconLit, and Web of Science were searched from inception to January 2016. All study designs with adult participants were included. Narrative synthesis was performed. Results: Thirty-five studies met the inclusion criteria (six randomized controlled trials and 29 observational studies) from 15 countries, including 5472 patients. Eleven studies showed that stone formers had worse HRQoL than the general population; it was noted that stone formers were more likely to suffer from depression. Women have significantly lower HRQoL than men. Twenty-six studies used a generic HRQoL measure and six were nonvalidated disease specific. Studies concerning patient preference were heterogeneous and showed that extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is still favored above other interventions and that a large number of patients would prefer the treatment pathway to be decided upon by their clinician. Conclusion: Urinary calculi and its treatment can have significant negative patient impact and influence patient preferences. Patients with stone disease tend to have worse physical and mental HRQoL, quantified using generic measures. Structured research with disease-specific measures underpinned by sound methodology would be beneficial and aid in development of patient-centric management. Systematic Review Registration: This review was prospectively registered with the international prospective register of systematic reviews–PROSPERO 2013:CRD42013006084.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
ISSN: 2152-4920
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2019 03:22

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