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Early science with the Large Millimetre Telescope:deep LMT/AzTEC millimeter observations of ǫ Eridani and its surroundings

Chavez-Dagostino, M., Bertone, E., Cruz-Saenz de Miera, F., Marshall, J. P., Wilson, G. W., Sánchez-Argüelles, D., Hughes, D. H., Kennedy, G., Vega, O., De la Luz, V., Dent, W. R. F., Eiroa, C., Gómez-Ruiz, A. I., Greaves, Jane, Lizano, S., López-Valdivia, R., Mamajek, E., Montaña, A., Olmedo, M., Rodríguez-Montoya, I., Schloerb, F. P., Yun, Min S., Zavala, J. A. and Zeballos, M. 2016. Early science with the Large Millimetre Telescope:deep LMT/AzTEC millimeter observations of ǫ Eridani and its surroundings. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 462 (3) , pp. 2285-2294. 10.1093/mnras/stw1363

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Abstract

ǫ Eridani is a nearby, young Sun-like star that hosts a ring of cool debris analogous to the solar system’s Edgeworth-Kuiper belt. Early observations at (sub-)mm wave- lengths gave tentative evidence of the presence of inhomogeneities in the ring, which have been ascribed to the effect of a putative low eccentricity planet, orbiting close to the ring. The existence of these structures have been recently challenged by high resolution interferometric millimeter observations. Here we present the deepest single-dish image of ǫ Eridani at millimeter wavelengths, obtained with the Large Millimeter Tele- scope Alfonso Serrano (LMT). The main goal of these LMT observations is to confirm (or refute) the presence of non-axisymmetric structure in the disk. The dusty ring is detected for the first time along its full projected elliptical shape. The radial extent of the ring is not spatially resolved and shows no evidence, to within the uncertainties, of dust density enhancements. Additional features of the 1.1 mm map are: (i) the pres- ence of significant flux in the gap between the ring and the star, probably providing the first exo-solar evidence of Poynting-Robertson drag, (ii) an unambiguous detection of emission at the stellar position with a flux significantly above that expected from ǫ Eridani’s photosphere, and (iii) the identification of numerous unresolved sources which could correspond to background dusty star-forming galaxies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: circumstellar matter – (sub-)mm: stars.
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 June 2017
Date of Acceptance: 2 June 2016
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2017 10:51
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/101281

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