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Measurements of inter-cochlear level and phase differences of bone-conducted sound

McLeod, Robert W. J. and Culling, John F. 2017. Measurements of inter-cochlear level and phase differences of bone-conducted sound. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 141 (5) , pp. 3421-3429. 10.1121/1.4983471

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Abstract

Bone-anchored hearing aids are a widely used method of treating conductive hearing loss, but the benefit of bilateral implantation is limited due to interaural cross-talk. The present study measured the phase and level of pure tones reaching each cochlea from a single, mastoid placed bone transducer on normal hearing participants. In principle, the technique could be used to implement a cross-talk cancellation system in those with bilateral bone conductors. The phase and level of probe tones over two insert earphones was adjusted until they canceled sound from a bone transducer (i.e., resulting in perceived silence). Testing was performed in 50-Hz steps between 0.25 and 8 kHz. Probe phase and level results were used to calculate inter-cochlear level and phase differences. The inter-cochlear phase differences of the bone-conducted sound were similar for all three participants showing a relatively linear increase between 4 and 8 kHz. The attenuation characteristics were highly variable over the frequency range as well as between participants. This variability was thought to be related to differences in skull dynamics across the ears. Repeated measurements of cancellation phase and level of the same frequency produced good consistency across sessions from the same participant.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
ISSN: 0001-4966
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 May 2017
Date of Acceptance: 28 April 2017
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 16:41
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/100811

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