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An approach to catchment-scale groundwater nitrate risk assessment from diffuse agricultural sources: a case study in the Upper Bann, Northern Ireland

Wang, J. L. and Yang, Yuesuo 2008. An approach to catchment-scale groundwater nitrate risk assessment from diffuse agricultural sources: a case study in the Upper Bann, Northern Ireland. Hydrological Processes 22 (21) , pp. 4274-4286. 10.1002/hyp.7036

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Abstract

DRASTIC has drawbacks in groundwater risk assessment that are important in guiding activities to prevention agricultural diffuse groundwater pollution. This paper presents an improved and GIS-based D-DRASTIC approach for groundwater nitrate risk assessment from diffuse agricultural sources based on DRASTIC. D-DRASTIC considers the risk concept, nitrate loading, pollutant transport with runoff, depth to water, net recharge, aquifer media, soil media, topography, impact of the vadose zone media, and the hydraulic conductivity of the aquifer. D-DRASTIC was developed within an ArcGIS environment and applied to the Upper Bann Catchment, Northern Ireland as a case study. D-DRASTIC shows that ‘very high’ and ‘high’ zones of groundwater nitrate risk occupy 5% and 11% of the case study area, respectively. When considering groundwater pollution sources and pathways, the results using D-DRASTIC are helpful in guiding the activities of groundwater pollution prevention at the catchment scale in the context of better implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: risk assessment;agriculture diffuse groundwater pollution;catchment scale;Geographic Information Systems
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0885-6087
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 22:16
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/10016

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